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  • Geographically, the North West region of India is known as Punjab. This is called the land of five rivers as the word Punjab is made up of two words 'Panj'+ 'Aab' where 'Panj' means five in Punjabi and 'Aab' mean water(river) in Punjabi. Punjabi is the official and local  language of  the Punjab region Though it is mother tongue of the natives of Punjab in India and Pakistan, it is now spoken internationally by an estimated 100 to 125 million people. People also converse in other several languages such as Hindi , Urdu , Gurmukhi and English.

    Sri Harmandir Sahib also Sri Darbar Sahib and informally referred to as the "Golden Temple", is the holiest Gurdwara of Sikhism, located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab. It was founded in the year 1577 by the fourth Sikh guru, Guru Ram Das. The fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan, designed the Harmandir Sahib to be built in the center of this holy tank, and upon its construction, installed the Adi Granth, the holy scripture of Sikhism, inside the Harmandir Sahib.

    The Punjabi Culture is the culture of the Punjabi people who are now distributed throughout the world. Some of the main areas include, Punjabi Philosophy, poetry, spirituality, education, artistry, music, cuisine, science, technology, military warfare, architecture, traditions, values and history. Punjab is well known for its Agriculture, Rich Cuisine & Hospitality, Patriots (huge population of Indian military hail from Punjab)

    The culture in Punjab is rich and diverse. The biggest community of Punjab comprises of Sikhs and Jats. These people are extremely hard working and are mostly into agriculture. They play a major role in the agriculture output of the state. Other major communities in Punjab comprises of Aroras and Khatris. These people are into trade and commerce.

    The people of Punjab are well known for warmth and hospitality. Stroll into any village in the Punjab countryside and you will be welcomed with food , glasses foll of milk and Lassi (cool butter milk) .

    Sikhism and Hinduism are the two major religions of Punjab. Punjab being the land of different ancient religions, you will find people from different religious followed in the state. People from different religions co exist with harmony.

    The food of Punjab is meant for the strong  hearted. It is rich in flavours and has a liberal dose of ghee and spices. Punjab has an abundance of milk and therefore milk products are an important part of daily diet. No meal is complete without large glassfuls of butter milk or Lassi.

    The people of this region are largely wheat eaters and have developed variations of breads including the stuffed aloo parantha and makki di roti. Vegetarian delights such as sarson ka saag , rajma chawal and kadhi are the most popular dishes. Punjabis have also created a combination of the northwest frontier cuisine and Mughlai recipies to present rich poultry and mutton dishes. 

    The festivals celebrated in Punjab are many and they are celebrated with great gusto!

    The year starts with Lohri which is a festival that heralds the end of the winter harvest season. This festival is normally in the second week of January and people make merry by lighting a bonfire in the evenings and igniting the flames by throwing in popcorn and puffed ice. Moonfali , Bhuga and Raveri are distributed.

    Holi, the festival of colour is celebrated all over Punjab during March.

    Baisakhi , the traditional heralding of the spring festival that is celebrated in the mid of April and this is the season when crops are ready for cutting and the farmers are overjoyed to see their struggle fulfilling into fruits in the shape of harvesting of the crops.


    Gurupurabs of the 10 Sikh gurus are celebrated with joy all over the state , with the biggest celebrations being for Guru Nanak ‘s birthday in November.

    Diwali is also celebrated with lot of fervor, joy and light.